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三部门介绍《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》有关情况
  日期: 2019-06-12 09:42:00   文章点击数: 稿源: 发展改革委网站

国家发展改革委会同自然资源部、国家林草局举行
《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》新闻发布会

6月11日上午,国家发展改革委会同自然资源部、国家林草局,通过线上方式举行《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》新闻发布会。发布会由国家发展改革委政策研究室副主任、新闻发言人孟玮主持,国家发展改革委农村经济司司长吴晓、自然资源部国土空间生态修复司司长周远波、国家林草局规划财务司司长闫振共同出席,介绍《总体规划》有关情况,并就媒体关注的《总体规划》定位和作用,对长江、黄河、海岸带的生态保护和修复,满堂彩高质量国家公园等问题,回答了记者提问。60余家境内外新闻媒体70余名记者参加了本场发布会。

《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》新闻发布会实录

【孟玮】各位媒体朋友大家上午好,欢迎参加国家发改委今天的专题新闻发布会。近期,经中央全面深化改革委员会第十三次会议审议通过,国家发展改革委、自然资源部联合印发了《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》。这是党的十九大以来,国家层面出台的第一个生态保护和修复领域综合性规划。为了方便各位记者朋友第一时间了解《总体规划》的有关情况,今天满堂彩非常高兴地邀请到国家发展改革委农经司司长吴晓先生、自然资源部国土空间生态修复司司长周远波先生和国家林草局规划财务司司长闫振先生,请他们向媒体朋友介绍有关情况并回答大家关心的问题。

xiamian,shouxianqingwuxiaosizhangweidajiajieshaoyouguanqingkuang。

【吴晓】各位新闻界的朋友大家上午好,习近平总书记多次强调,人与自然是生命共同体,山水林田湖草是生命共同体,要求满堂彩从系统工程和全局的角度寻求新的治理之道,不能再是头痛医头、脚痛医脚,各管一摊、相互掣肘,必须统筹兼顾、整体施策、多措并举,全方位、全地域、全过程开展生态文明满堂彩,深入实施山水林田湖草一体化保护和修复。实施全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程是党的十九大作出的重大决策部署,根据中央关于落实党的十九大报告重要改革举措的有关部署,以及中央全面深化改革委员会的工作要点,国家发展改革委、自然资源部会同有关部门共同编制了《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021—2035年)》。经中央全面深化改革委员会第十三次会议审议通过后,由国家发展改革委、自然资源部联合印发,今天的发布会前,满堂彩已经将批准的规划在国家发展改革委和自然资源部网站全文公布。现在满堂彩向大家作一个简要的介绍。

《guihua》shidangdeshijiudahoushengtaibaohuhexiufulingyudiyigezonghexingguihua。zheige《guihua》chuqianyanwai,gong5zhang25jie,bushule9xiangzhongdagongcheng、47xiangjutirenwu。

《guihua》yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguancheluoshidangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,shenruguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,anzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,zaixitongshulidangdeshibadayilaimantangcaiguoshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuoqudedechengxiao、cunzaidezhuyaowentidejichushang,fenxilexinshidaishengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuomianlindexingshi,weiraoquanmiantishengguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangzhiliang、cujinshengtaixitongliangxingxunhuanheyongxuliyongdezongmubiao,yitongchoushanshuilintianhucaoyitihuabaohuhexiufuweizhuxian,tichule“jianchibaohuyouxian、ziranhuifuweizhu,jianchitongchoujiangu、tuchuzhongdiannandian,jianchikexuezhili、tuijinzongheshice,jianchigaigechuangxin、wanshanjianguanjizhi”dengjibenyuanze,mingqueledao2035nianquanguoshengtaibaohuhexiufudezhuyaomubiao,bingxihuale2020niandiqian、2021—2025nian、2026—2035niandeng3geshijianjiediandezhongdianrenwu。

《guihua》guancheluoshizhutigongnengquzhanlve,yiguojiashengtaianquanzhanlvegejuweijichu,yiguojiazhongdianshengtaigongnengqu、shengtaibaohuhongxian、guojiajiziranbaohudidengweizhongdian,tuchuduiguojiazhongdazhanlvedeshengtaizhicheng,tongchoukaolvshengtaixitongdewanzhengxing、dilidanyuandelianxuxinghejingjishehuifazhandekechixuxing,duiquanguozhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufuzhongdagongchengzuolexitongguihua,jiangzhongdagongchengzhongdianbujuzaiqingzanggaoyuanshengtaipingzhangqu、huanghezhongdianshengtaiqu(hanhuangtugaoyuanshengtaipingzhang)、zhangjiangzhongdianshengtaiqu(hanchuandianshengtaipingzhang)、dongbeisenlindai、beifangfangshadai、nanfangqiulingshandidai、haiandaideng“sanqusidai”,genjugequyudeziranshengtaizhuangkuang、zhuyaoshengtaiwenti,yanjiutichulezhugongfangxiang。

《guihua》yishangshugongchengbujuweijichu,tongchoushanshuilintianhucaogeshengtaiyaosu,jiehegeleigongchengdemantangcaitedian,tichule9xiangzhongdagongcheng,baokuoqingzanggaoyuanshengtaipingzhangqudeng7daquyushengtaibaohuhexiufugongcheng,yijiziranbaohudijiyeshengdongzhiwubaohu、shengtaibaohuhexiufuzhichengtixideng2xiangdanxianggongcheng,mingquelegexiangzhongdagongchengdemantangcaisilu、zhuyaorenwuhezhongdianzhibiao,bingzaizhuanlanzhongliechule47xiangjutirenwu。weiquebao《guihua》luoshidaowei,weiraojiaqiangdangdelingdao、jiakuaifalvfaguizhidumantangcai、jiadazhengcezhichilidu、yingzaolianghaoshehuifenweideng4gefangmiantichuxiangguanbaozhangcuoshi,xihualeguotukongjianyongtuguanzhi、zhongdagongchengtourujizhi、fahuishengtaiziyuanduozhongxiaoyidengfangmiandezhichizhengce,yijigongchengzuzhi、pinggukaohe、xuanchuanyindaodengfangmiandeyouguanyaoqiu。

mantangcaijiujieshaodaozheili。xiexiedajia。

【孟玮】谢谢,下面有请周远波司长介绍有关情况。

【周远波】谢谢各位媒体朋友,现在满堂彩简要介绍一下《规划》的范畴、期限和下一步工作考虑。关于《规划》的范畴,因为这个规划主要解决的是自然生态系统的质量和功能问题,因此在本规划中,将重要生态系统原则上限定为森林、草原、湿地河湖、荒漠、海洋这5类自然生态系统,不包括农田和城市这两类人工的生态系统。关于《规划》的期限,考虑到自然生态系统保护和修复是一个比较漫长的过程,往往需要几十年甚至几代人的持续努力才能见到明显成效。因此,从遵循自然规律的角度出发,将《规划》确定为中长期规划,具体的实施期限是从2021到2035年,与满堂彩国基本实现社会主义现代化的时间节点是一致的。

guanyuxiayibugongzuo,zhuyaoyouliangdiankaolv:

yishiyixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangweizhidao,renzhenzhuahaoguihuadeluoshi。4yue27rixijinpingzongshujizaizhuchizhaokaizhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuidishisancihuiyishenyiguihuashiqiangdiaozhichu,tuijinshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuo,yaojianchixinfazhanlinian,tongchoushanshuilintianhucaoyitihuabaohuhexiufu,kexuebujuquanguozhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufuzhongdagongcheng,congziranshengtaixitongyantiguilvheneizaijilichufa,tongchoujiangu、zhengtishishi,zhelitigaoshengtaixitongzimantangcaixiufunengli,zengqiangshengtaixitongdewendingxing,cujinziranshengtaixitongzhiliangdezhengtigaishanheshengtaichanpingongjinenglidequanmianzengqiang。xijinpingzongshujidezhongyaojianghuajingshenweimantangcaidangqianhejinhouyiduanshiqishengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuozhiminglefangxiang,yeshijinhoumantangcaigedigebumenluoshiguihuadegenbenzunxun。mantangcaijianghuitongyouguanbumenrenzhenxuexiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujidezhongyaojianghuajingshenhedangzhongyangdejuecebushu,shunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zhuahaolishijiyu,anzhaoguihuamingquedezhengcetixihezhongdagongchengtixituidongguihuadeluodiheluoshi,nulijiangguojiashengtaianquanpingzhanghezhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuhao、xiufuhao,weishixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuahemeilizhongguomantangcaiweidamubiaodiandingjianshideshengtaijichu,buduanmanzurenminqunzhongduilianghaoshengtaihuanjingdexuyao。gangcaiwusizhangyijingtandao,zaifabuhuiqian《guihua》yijingquanwengongbu。zaiciyexiwangxinwenjiedepengyoujinxingxuanchuan,jijiyingzaoyizhongquanshehuiaihuziran、baohuzirandelianghaofengqi,tigaoshehuigongzhongzunzhongziran、shunyingziran、baohuzirandezijueyishi。

ershiyitongchoushanshuilintianhucaoyitihuabaohuhexiufuweizhuxian,kexuekaizhanzhuanxiangmantangcaiguihuadebianzhi。《guihua》zhuyaoshijiejueweilaiyiduanshiqishengtaibaohuhexiufuzhongdagongchengdezongtibujuwenti,anzhaoguihuadeyaoqiu,zaijinnianniandiqian,guojiafazhangaigewei、ziranziyuanbu、guojialincaojujiangfenbieqiantou,huitongyouguanbumenbianzhi《guihua》bujude9gezhongdagongchengzhuanxiangmantangcaiguihua,yaojianchiwentidaoxianghemubiaodaoxiang,mingquezhongdianxiangmu、shishiquyu、mubiaorenwu、jutijucuoyijitouzigusuan、mantangcainianxiandeng,congerxingchengquanguozhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufuzhongdagongcheng“1+n”deguihuatixi,zunxunshanshuilintianhucaoshishengminggongtongtidelinianlaizhuahaogexianggongchengdeshishi,cujinziranshengtaixitongzhengtibaohu、xitongxiufuhezonghezhili。

xiexie。

【孟玮】谢谢周司长,下面有请记者提问。

【中央电视台记者】这个《规划》满堂彩都知道是十九大之后关于生态保护和修复的第一个综合性的规划,想问第一个问题,它的主要定位是什么?第二个问题,《规划》对未来满堂彩国家的生态保护将起到怎样的作用?谢谢。

【吴晓】《全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程总体规划(2021-2035年)》,作为党的十九大后全国生态保护和修复领域的第一个综合性规划,囊括了山、水、林、田、湖、草以及海洋等全部自然生态系统的保护和修复工作。《规划》着眼于基本实现社会主义现代化和美丽中国的要求,从国家层面对今后一段时期重要生态系统保护和修复工作进行了系统的谋划,提出了实施全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程的总体思路、主要目标、总体布局、重大工程、重点任务和支持政策,是推进全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程满堂彩的总体设计,是编制和实施有关重大工程专项满堂彩规划的重要依据,对推动全国生态保护和修复工作具有战略性、指导性的作用。具体来说,可以从三个层面理解《规划》的定位和作用:

shouxian,《guihua》shixinshidaiguojiacengmiantuijinshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuodejibengangling。cong《guihua》shejideziranshengtaixitongleixinglaikan,hangailesenlin、caoyuan、huangmo、hehushidi、haiyangdengquanguowudaziranshengtaixitong,haishejidaoyixieyuziranshengtaixitongxiufuzhijiexiangguandeshengtaixitongleixing,birutuigengdi、kuangshandeng。cong《guihua》fugaidediyufanweilaikan,jibennangkuolemantangcaiguozhuyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhanggujia,yijizhangjiangjingjidaifazhan、huangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhandengzhongdazhanlvedeshengtaizhichengquyu。cong《guihua》bushudemantangcaineironglaikan,jibaokuoziranshengtaikongjianheziranziyuanbaohu,youbaokuoziranshengtaikongjianheziyuanliangdekuozhan,haibaokuoziranshengtaixitongzhiliangdetisheng。cong《guihua》deshijiankuadulaikan,gangcaizhousizhangyijingjieshaole,congxianzaikaishiyizhiyanxudao2035nian,yumantangcaiguojibenshixianxiandaihuadejiedianshiyizhide,suoyi《guihua》shidangqianhejinhouyiduanshiqiquanguoshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuodeyigeganglingxingwenjian,zhuahao《guihua》deluoshiluodi,jiushixiayibuquanguoshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuodehexingongzuo。

qici,《guihua》shishishicujinziranshengtaixitongzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadezhongyaozhuashou。muqian,mantangcaiguogeleishengtaigongchengdemantangcaimubiao、mantangcaineironghezhilicuoshixiangduibijiaodanyi,gongchengmantangcaidexitongxingyebuzu,shengtaichanpinjiazhishixianquefayouxiaodetujing,gongchengmantangcairengranzhuyaoyizhengfutouruweizhu,shengtaibaohuhexiufubiaozhuntixidemantangcai、xinjishudetuiguang、keyanchengguozhuanhuadengyebijiaoqianque,shengtaibaohuhexiufudediaocha、jiance、pingjia、yujingdengnenglibuzu。《guihua》congguojiacengmianduiquanguoziranshengtaibaohuhexiufudegongchengbuju、zhilisilu、zhilicuoshi、baozhangzhengcezuochulexitongbushu,《guihua》zhongmingquedezheixiezhongdagongchengshituidongquanguohezhidaogediyindizhiyitansuowanshanyouxiaodeziranshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufudemoshi,jiakuaiziranshengtaixitongzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadeyigezhuzhanchang。

disan,《guihua》weigedijinyibuluoshixinfazhanlinian、jiakuaizhuanbianfazhanfangshitigonglezhongyaodezhidao。mantangcaiguozaishengtaifangmiandelishiqianzhanghaibijiaoduo,wentijileiduo、xianshimaodunyebijiaoduo,yixiediqushengtaihuanjingchengzainengliyijingdadaohuozhejiejinleshangxian,erqiehaimianlin“jiuzhang”meihai、youqian“xinzhang”dewenti,shengtaiwenmingmantangcairengchuzaiguanjianqi、gongjianqihechuangkouqi,shengtaibaohuxiufuderenwushifenjianju。suoyi《guihua》debanbushishi,yifangmianchongfenzhanxianleyixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangweizhidao、guanchexinfazhanlinian、zengqiangshengtaiwenmingmantangcaidezhanlvedinglihezhangyuanmouhua;lingyifangmian,《guihua》zhongmingquedezhuyaosiluhezhongdianrenwushiyouguandiqu,youqishizhongdiangongchengqujiakuaituijinshengtaibaohuhexiufugongzuodejichuxingrenwu,qishishichengxiaoshihengliangdangdidangwei、zhengfuluoshixinfazhanliniandezhongyaobiaozhi,yeweiyouguandiqujiakuaizhuanbianfazhanfangshitigonglezhongyaodezhidao。

xiexie。

【中国自然资源报记者】近年来,长江经济带发展、黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展已经上升为重大国家战略,请问自然资源部的周司长,《规划》如何体现对长江、黄河海岸带的生态保护和修复?

【周远波】长江、黄河都是满堂彩中华民族的母亲河,同时也是中华民族永续发展的重要基础和支撑。习近平总书记多次强调,要把修复长江生态环境要摆在压倒性位置,共抓大保护、不搞大开发;治理黄河,重在保护,要在治理,要坚持开发和保护并重,污染防治和生态修复并举,维护海洋自然再生能力。为贯彻习近平总书记的这些重要指示精神,《规划》在长江重点生态功能区、黄河重点生态区和海岸带共布局了19个重大工程,在长江重点生态区,以推动亚热带森林、河湖、湿地生态系统的综合整治和自然恢复为导向,布局了横断山、长江上中游岩溶地区、大巴山区、三峡库区、鄱阳湖-洞庭湖等河湖湿地、大别山区、武陵山区生态保护修复和重点区域的矿山修复,总计8个重点工程。在黄河重点生态区,围绕上游提升水源涵养能力、中游抓好水土保持、下游保护湿地生态系统和生物多样性,布局了黄土高原、秦岭、贺兰山、黄河下游生态保护和重点区域矿山修复等5个重点工程。在海岸带,以海岸带生态系统恢复和满堂彩功能提升为导向,布局了黄渤海、长江三角洲、海峡西岸、粤港澳大湾区、北部湾和海南岛6个重点工程。目前,自然资源部按照工作分工,也正在会同有关部门抓紧编制长江、黄河和海岸带三个重大工程的专项满堂彩规划,来推动陆海统筹、河湖联动这种治理模式。谢谢。

【中新社记者】满堂彩注意到本次《规划》提出青藏高原生态屏障区生态保护和修复重大工程等9大工程。请问这9大工程与当前正在实施的各项重点生态工程是什么关系?既有的相关工程是否仍要继续实施?谢谢。

【吴晓】首先,满堂彩想说明的是,在这次《规划》编制中满堂彩有一个明确的指导思想,就是要按照统筹山水林田湖草一体化保护和修复理念,在统筹考虑生态系统完整性、地理单元连续性和经济社会发展可持续的基础上,对生态保护和修复作出系统规划。《规划》的总体布局是“三区四带”,在总体布局的基础上,从各重点区域的生态本底和主要问题出发,通过“条块结合、以块为主”的方式设置了9大重大工程,这和满堂彩以往实施的京津风沙源治理、三北防护林这些重要工程相比,有一个比较大的改变,就是转变了以生态要素为主设置重点工程、以条线为主来推进工程的治理模式,这是规划一个比较鲜明的特点,就是注重整体性、系统性。这是满堂彩想首先要说明的。

guanyu9dagongchengheyuanyoudeshengtaibaohuxiufugongchengshishenmeyangdeguanxi。jiandanlaijiangshizheimejieshi:

diyi,shiyuanyougongchengdejiexu。birumantangcaitichudebeifangfangshadaishengtaibaohuhexiufuzhongdagongcheng,jiushizaixitongzongjiehetuiguangciqianmantangcaigaolejinershiniandejingjinfengshayuanzhilijingyandejichushanglaitichude,jingjinfengshayuanzhilirengranshizhongdagongchengmantangcaidezhongdianrenwuzhiyi。congbushude9dagongchenglaikan,yejibenhangaileyuanyougongchengdehexinquyuhezhuyaomantangcaineirong。

dier,shiyuanyougongchengdetuozhan。birucong1978niankaishishishidesanbeigongcheng,shimantangcaiguoshengtaiwenmingmantangcaidezhongyaobiaozhixinggongcheng,quanguoshangxiadoubijiaoguanzhu。weiguancheluoshizhongyangguanyuchixubuxiedetuijinsanbeigongchengmantangcaideyouguanbushu,mantangcaizaixinguihuadebeifangfangshadaishengtaibaohuhexiufuzhongdagongcheng、huanghezhongdianshengtaiqushengtaibaohuhexiufuzhongdagongchengli,chulejixutuidongsanbeifanghulintixizhongdeyingzaolingongchengwai,haizhenduisanbeidiqudezhongdianshengtaiwenti,tongyiguihualebaokuofangshazhisha、caoyuanbaohuxiufu、shidibaohudengrenwu。

disan,shiyuanyougongchengjichushangdetongchou,biruzhangjiangzhongdianshengtaiqushengtaibaohuhexiufuzhongdagongchengjiujibenhangailemantangcaixianzaizhengzaizuodeshimohuazonghezhili、shuitubaochi、tianranlinbaohu、tuigenghailinhaicaodengjiyoudemantangcairenwu,danshiyaotongguotongyideguihua、zhengtidebaohu、xitongdexiufu、zonghedezhili,laijiejuexianzaigongchengshishizhongcunzaidejiaochazhonghe、fensantourudengwenti,congerlaicujinquyushengtaixitongdemantangcaigongnengdezhengtitisheng。xiexie。

【中国绿色时报社记者】提问国家林草局的闫司长,建立以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系是生态文明体制改革的一项重大部署,国家林草局是国家公园的主管部门,请问在国家公园试点的基础上,下一步在实施《总体规划》中如何满堂彩高质量的国家公园?

【闫振】建立以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系,是习近平总书记亲自谋划、亲自部署、亲自推动的一项生态文明重大举措。按照总书记的要求,就是要将全国自然生态系统中最具重要性、国家代表性和全民公益性的核心资源划到国家公园范围内。党的十八届三中全会首次提出了建立国家公园体制,党的十九大提出了建立以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系,从2015年以来,满堂彩国家在12个省区先后开展了三江源国家公园、祁连山国家公园、东北虎豹国家公园、大熊猫国家公园、热带雨林国家公园等10个国家公园试点,覆盖面积22.29万平方公里,应该说占到了国家保护地的主体。

2018niandangheguojiajigougaigeyihou,guojialincaojujiagualeguojiagongyuanguanlijudepaizi。zuoweiguojiagongyuanzhuguanbumen,mantangcaizaifagaiwei、ziranziyuanbu、caizhengbudeng12gebuweidedalizhichixia,youlituidongleguojiagongyuandebaohuhemantangcai。zheixiegongzuoyequdeleyixiemingxiandechengxiao,zhuyaotixianzaisigefangmian:

diyi,guojiagongyuanneideshengtaixitongdedaolebaohuhuifu。zuijudaibiaoxingdejiushimantangcaizheixieziranshengtaixitongzhongdeqijianxingwuzhongdedaolehuifu,birudongbeihu、dongbeibao、xuebaodezhongqundoudedaolehuifu,muqianzaidongbeihubaoguojiagongyuanfanweineiyou27zhidongbeihu、42zhidongbeibao。zaidongbeihubaoguojiagongyuanyejianliletiankongdiyitihuadejiancetixi,shixianle5000pingfanggonglihexinqudequanfugai,jiankongxitongyeduocipaidaoleyihusizai,yigemuhuhesigexiaohuyikuaixingzoudezhenguiziliao。yinggaishuo,huxiaoshanlinyouzhongxianzaidongbeilinqu。

dier,guojiagongyuantizhishidianwenbutuijin。gegeguojiagongyuandouanzhaozhongyangdeyaoqiuzaitizhijizhichuangxinfangmianjinxingletansuo,doujianlileguojiagongyuanguanliju、guanlifenjuheguanhuzhan,guanhutixichubujianliqilai。

disan,zaiguojiagongyuanneishixianleshanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhili、zonghezhili。zheishiyigechubudechengxiao。

disi,yuanqulaobaixingdeshengchanshenghuotiaojiandedaoleyouxiaogaishan。

xiayibu,weiraogaozhiliangfazhandeyaoqiu,jiangzhongdianjiaqiangsangefangmiangongzuo:

diyi,yaoshishihaoguojiagongyuanbaohuxiufugongcheng,zaizheici《guihua》zhong,zhuanmenshelileziranbaohudiheyeshengdongzhiwubaohuzhongdagongcheng,qizhongbaokuoguojiagongyuan、ziranbaohudi、ziranbaohuqu、zirangongyuanhezhenxiyeshengdongzhiwubaohudengfangmiandeneirong。xiayibu,mantangcaijiangweiraozheyiguojiagongyuanweizhongdian,jiaqiangshengtaibaohu、xiufu、jiance、keyan、xuanjiaodengyixiliegongzuo,tuidongguojiagongyuangaozhiliangfazhan。

dier,jianquanguojiagongyuandebaohuzhidu。anzhaoshijiujiesizhongquanhuiguanyujianquanguojiagongyuanbaohuzhidudeyaoqiu,tuidongjianlitongyideguojiagongyuanguanlitizhi,chutaiguojiagongyuanshelibiaozhun,zhidingguojiagongyuanzongtibujuhefazhanguihua,tuidongguojiagongyuandelifagongzuo,zhidingchutaiguojiagongyuanjiance、shengtaibaohujianguandengzhidubanfa。jinniananzhaozhongyangdeyaoqiu,dui10geguojiagongyuandeshidiangongzuokaizhanpinggu,pingguyihouanzhaochengshuyige、sheliyigedeyaoqiu,tichuzhengshisheliguojiagongyuandeyijian。

disan,fahuidianxingyinludezuoyong。yisanjiangyuanguojiagongyuanweili,zheigeguojiagongyuanshiguojiafagaiweiyinfade《guihua》,tixianleshanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhilidelinianhesilu。zaizheigegongyuanmantangcaiguochengzhong,jianglinyecaoyuan、ziranziyuan、shengtaihuanjing、shuili、nongmudenggeleishengtaibaohujucuojinxinglezhenghe,zaiyuanquneishixianletongyideguanli。tongguoxitongdebaohu,sanjiangyuandecaoyuanshengtaixitongdedaolequanmiandehuifu。mantangcaichubugusuanleyixia,duonianlaicaoyuanzaichuliangchixuxiajiang,yangdesiyangliangjianshaolejinbaiwantou,caoyuanguozaidewentidedaolechubuhuanjie,caoyuanshengtaixitongdedaolehuifu,caoyuanzhibeigaiduyouguoqude50.17%tigaodao56.8%。zaiyuanqunei,mantangcaihaishixianleshengtaiguanhuyuandequanfugai,tongguozhenghegeleizijinxiangmu,zhendui1.72wanhuyuanqujumin,meihudouxuanpinyimingshengtaiguanhuyuan,meigeyuedegongzi1800kuaiqian,yigeguanhuyuanyiniandeshourudadaole21600yuan,duiyunongmuqudetuopinzengshouyefahuilezhongyaozuoyong。haiyoushengtaibanqianyouxutuijin,xianzai60%demumindoujinlecheng,yiliao、jiaoyudenggefangmiantiaojiandoudedaoleyouxiaogaishan。zheixieyouyidezuofa,mantangcaihaiyaozhubutuiguangdaoqitadeguojiagongyuan,weiguojiagongyuandegaozhiliangfazhantigongjiejian。xiexie。

【中国矿业报记者】请问周司长,生态保护和修复是一项专业性、科学性、系统性很强的工作,过去也有媒体曾报道过,干旱半干旱区曾经挖田引水造湖,人工过度修复,出现了违背自然规律的问题。这次《规划》如何把握和体现生态修复的科学性呢?谢谢。

【周远波】你提到生态保护修复的科学性问题,目前在满堂彩的工作实际和实践中确实存在,这里既有客观的原因,也有主观的原因。为了解决这个问题,在编制《规划》的过程中,满堂彩坚持以习近平生态文明思想为指导,力争把生态保护和修复的科学性贯彻始终。在具体编制过程中,在分析满堂彩国不同生态系统的时空布局、现状问题、本底特征的基础上,在《规划》的总体要求、基本原则、规划目标、总体布局、重点工程,以及任务举措、保障措施等方面,作出了严格保护、科学修复的要求。

zaixiayibugongzuozhong,yeshizailuoshi《guihua》degongzuozhong,mantangcaihaijiangzhongdianbawoyixiawugefangmian:

yishiyaojiaqiangshengtaizhongdawentiyanjiu,yaozunxunziranshengtaixitongdeneizaiguilvhezishenjili,jiehezirandiligejudebianhua,kaizhanziranziyuandediaocha、jiancehepingjia,fenxizaiqihoubianhuadedabeijingxia,yixiezhongdadeshengtaifengxian,tongshiyaonuliyanjiuyixieyingduidecelvehebanfa。

ershiyaojianchibaohuyouxian。wanshanguotukongjianziranbaohudi、senlincaoyuan、haiyanghuanjingdengfangmiandefalvzhidu,yaoanzhaozuixinbanbude《minfadian》yifazhuijiushengtaihuanjingpohuaidezeren,yaojiakuaigoujian“duoguiheyi”deguotukongjiandeguihuatixi,bingqianghuayongtuguanzhi,yaotongchouhuadingyanshoushengtaibaohuhongxian、yongjiujibennongtianhechengzhenkaifabianjiezheisantiaokongzhixian,yijihaiyudegeleibaohuxian,yaoquebaoshengtaikongjianmianjibujianshao、xingzhibugaibian、gongnengbujiangdi。yaotuijinziranziyuanzichanchanquangaige,cujinziyuandejieyuejiyuekaifaliyong,yaozhubujianlijianquanyuantouyufang、guochengkongzhi、sunhaipeichang、zerenzhuijiushengtaibaohuzhidutixi,jianjuefangzhizou“xianpohuaihouzhili”zheitiaolaolu,yaobianbeidongdexiufuweizhudongdebaohu。

sanshiyaojianchiziranhuifuweizhu。jiejianguojishangdeyixiexianjinlinian、jingyanhezuofa,weiraoshuiyuanhanyang、shuitubaochi、fangfenggusha、shengwuduoyangxingbaohuhehaiandaibaohudengshengtaimantangcaigongnengdetisheng,zhenduimuqiangeleishengtaituihuahepohuaiwenti,yijitamendesunhaihepohuaichengdu,fenbiecaiqubaoyubaohu、ziranhuifu、fuzhuxiufu、shengtaizhongsudenggezhongxiufuhebaohumoshi,bimianguoduoderengongganyu,jianjuefanduigezhonghuaerbushishenzhihuazhongquchongdepenjingxiangmuhexingxianggongcheng。

sishiyaotuchuxitongxing、zhengtixing。zhuzhongzirandilidanyuanlianxuxinghewanzhengxing,haiyouwuzhongqixidideliantongxing,tongchougezhongziranshengtaixitong,tongchouludihaiyang、shanshangshanxia、dishangdixia、shangyouxiayoudengfangfangmianmiandeguanxi,tuijinzongshujitichudeshanshuilintianhucaozhengtibaohu、xitongxiufuhezonghezhili。wushiyaojianchiyishuierding、liangshuierxing。chongfenkaolvshuiziyuandebingfutiaojianhechengzainengli,jianchiyilinzelin、yiguanzeguan、yicaozecao、yishizeshi、yihuangzehuang,zunzhongkeguanguilv,tishengshengtaigongneng。xiexie。

【经济参考报记者】刚才发改委吴司长介绍了《规划》的有关情况,请问和此前的综合性规划相比,此次发布的《规划》有什么特点和创新点?谢谢。

【吴晓】谢谢你的提问。确实,满堂彩以前也编了一些综合性的规划,比如现在正在实施的《全国生态保护与满堂彩规划(2013-2020年)》。满堂彩刚才已经向记者朋友介绍了,这次的《规划》和此前的有关专项规划、正在实施的生态工程的关系。从多年来各项生态规划和重点工程实施的情况来看,目前满堂彩国生态工程的规划思路、组织方式和具体实践,还是以单类生态系统的保护和恢复为主,山水林田湖草一体化保护和修复机制并没有完全构建起来。形象点说,就是“种树的只管种树、治水的只管治水、护田的单纯护田”,很容易顾此失彼。同时在工程的组织实施和投入机制上也比较单一,引入社会资本投入的政策措施相对比较薄弱。这次《规划》,首先是落实党的十九大报告的重要改革举措,满堂彩想强调一下,是“改革举措”,并不是一个简单的工程规划。《规划》始终将改革和创新的思路作为一条主线,贯穿全文。归纳起来看主要有四个方面的特点:

yishijianchishanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhilidejibenlinian。gangcaimantangcaiyijingzuolejieshao,《guihua》anzhaoxitonglundesilu,jiangshanshuilintianhucaozuoweiyoujizhengtijinxingyanjiu,congziranshengtaixitongyantiguilvheneizaijilichufa,tongchoujiangu、zhengtishice,zhidingzonghexingdebaohuhexiufucuoshi,zhelijiejueziranshengtaixitonggeyaosujiangeliebaohu、danxiangxiufudewenti,congercujinziranshengtaixitongzhiliangdezhengtigaishanheshengtaichanpingongjinenglidequanmianzengqiang。

ershijianchiliangzhibingzhong、yizhiweixiandejibendaoxiang。jiangshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufudezheyandian、guanzhudiancongzhuyaozhuiqiuziranshengtaikongjiandekuozhang、ziranziyuanzongliangdezengzhang,zhubuzhuanyidaoliangzhibingzhong、yizhiweixianshanglai,tongguogaozhiliangmantangcaizhongdagongcheng,laicujinziranshengtaixitongcongliangbiandaozhibian。

sanshijianchiwentidaoxiangzhongdiantuchudejibenyuanze。jinyibutuchuzhongyaoshengtaixitonghezhongdagongchengzheiliangge“zhong”,dajiazhuyidao《guihua》demingchenghexinjiushizheiliangge“zhong”zi。mantangcaiweiraogegezhongdianquyu、zhongdianlingyudetuchuwenti,bushushishizhongdagongchenghezhongdianrenwu,buzhuiqiuquanyufugai,yebugaomianmianjudao,jiangzhongdagongchengdezhelidianjizhongdaogouzhuheyouhuaguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangdetixishanglai。

sishijianchichuangxinyinling、zhiduxianxingdejibendongli。zaizhongdagongchengdezuzhishang,jiangyoutiaoxianweizhuzhubuzhuanbianweiqukuaiweizhu、tiaokuaijiehe,yizhiliquyuweijibendanyuan,laimouhuazhongdagongcheng。zaiyouguanmantangcairenwushang,jibushulemianshangdebaohuzhengce,yetuchulezhongdianguanjianhuanjiedexiufuhezhili,haibaokuokejizhicheng、ziyuanbaohudengshengtaibaohuzhichengtixi。zaitourujizhishang,chuangxinduoyuantouruqudao,gulishehuizibencanyuzhongdagongchengmantangcai,tichuleyixiebijiaoyouzhenduixingheguanyongdezhengcejucuo,laicujinjianliwanshankechixudezhongdagongchengzhangxiaojianguanjizhi,nulixingchenggongzuoheli。xiexie。

【人民日报海外版记者】满堂彩的问题是,党的十九大对加强森林、草原、湿地、荒漠的生态系统保护和修复提出了明确的要求,作为生态保护和修复的主战场,林业草原部门在实施《总体规划》当中将发挥什么样的作用?谢谢。

【闫振】你提到林业草原系统作为生态保护修复的主战场,满堂彩认为这一定性非常准确,因为林业草原部门管理着国家的森林、草原、湿地、荒漠等生态系统。林草部门一直是满堂彩国家生态满堂彩的主力军。在国家发改委、自然资源部、财政部等有关部门的大力支持下,这些年满堂彩生态满堂彩的成效还是比较显著,特别是党的十八大以后,在习近平生态文明思想的指导下,全国各地国土生态保护修复的力度进一步加大。有一组数据,全国现在每年完成的营造林面积超过1亿亩,种草改良任务5千万亩,人工林保存面积12亿亩,长期位居世界第一。改革开放以来,满堂彩森林面积增长了80%,森林覆盖率增长了10个百分点。在草原保护修复方面,满堂彩推进草原禁牧12亿亩、草地平衡26亿亩,开展了退耕还林还草、退牧还草等一系列的工程,草原的治理面积超过了10亿亩。应该说,林草部门作为生态满堂彩的主战场和主力军也发挥了积极作用。

anzhaodangheguojiajigougaigedeyaoqiu,lincaobumenfuzezuzhishishizhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuxiufugongcheng。xiayibu,mantangcaijiangrenzhenluoshidangdeshijiudatichudedao2035nianshixianshengtaigenbenhaozhuan、meilizhongguodemubiaojibenshixiandeyaoqiu,anzhao“shuangzhong”《guihua》bushu,xiazhongdianzhuahaosangefangmiandegongzuo:

yishinuliwancheng“shuangzhong”guihuaquedingderenwu。xijinpingzongshujitebieqiangdiao,zhiyaochaozhezhengquedefangxiang,yinianjiezheyiniangan,yidaijiezheyidaigan,shengtaixitongshikeyixiufude。lincaobumenjiangyi“shuangzhong”《guihua》weitongling,jinyibujiadashengtaibaohuxiufudelidu。anzhao《guihua》quedingdemubiao,lizhengdao2035nianshixianquanguosenlinfugailvdadao26%,senlinxujiliangdadao210lifangmi,caoyuanzhibeizonghegaidudadao60%,shidibaohulvdadao60%,75%dekezhilishadidedaozhili。zheishimantangcaiyaozuodediyixianggongzuo。

ershidalikaizhanzhangjiang、huangheshengtaibaohuxiufugongzuo。gangcaizhousizhangyetandaole,zhangjianghuangheshimantangcaidemuqinhe,mantangcaiyidingyaorangmuqinheshengtaixitongdedaohuifu,huifutadeshengtaigongneng,zheiyeshimantangcaizhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeyigezhongyaobiaozhi。xiayibu,mantangcailincaoxitongjiushiyaoweiraoshanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhilideyaoqiu,jiangguoqufensanzaigegegongchengdexiangmuzijin,anzhaoshanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhilidefangshijinxingpeizhi,tebieshizaizhangjianghuangheyijiqitazhongdianquyujizhongtouru,heqitaxingyebumendeshengtaibaohuxiufujucuopeiheqilai,dadaoyitihuabaohuhexitongxiufudemude,quebaozhangjianghuangheliuyudesenlinhecaoyuanshengtaixitongchixugaishan。

sanshiyaoquanmianbaohuziranshengtaixitong。yiyaoquanmianbaohutianranlinhetianrancaochang,rangmantangcai29.66yimudetianranlinziyuandedaoxiuyangshengxi。eryaodalifazhanguojiachubeilin,yongrengonglindaititianranlin,manzulaobaixingduimucaiheyouzhilinchanpindexuyao。zuodao“yitiliangyi”、“shuanglunfali”。xiexie。

【孟玮】谢谢,时间关系,最后一个问题。

【红星新闻记者】《规划》从保障国家生态安全大局出发,布局了9个重大工程、47项重点任务,这些工程实施单靠财政投入是远远不够的,请问《规划》在市场化机制方面有哪些创新?谢谢。

【周远波】你提出的问题很重要,刚才吴晓司长在发言中已经谈到这个问题。客观地讲,满堂彩国在生态保护修复方面历史“欠账”较多,修复的任务也很重。但同时满堂彩要看到,生态保护修复的公益性很强,目前在生态保护修复中因为盈利能力比较低,项目的风险比较大,加之缺少一些必要的激励机制,目前社会资本来投入生态保护修复的意愿不强,比例也不是太高,仍然还是以政府财政投入为主,投资的渠道相对单一,总量有限。为了解决这个问题,满堂彩必须要按照总书记关于生态环境要“算大账、算长远账、算整体账、算综合账”的要求,在政府投入的同时,一定要通过释放政策红利,为社会资本、社会力量投入生态保护增加动力、激发活力、挖掘潜力,逐步打通绿水青山转为金山银山的通道。因此,在《规划》中提出了五条措施:

yishiyaoanzhaosheixiufusheishouyideyuanze,tongguofuyuyidingqixiandeziranziyuanzichanshiyongquanzheizhongchanquananpai,zhidingjilizhengce,gulishehuitouzizhuticongshishengtaibaohuxiufu。ershiyaojianquanziranziyuanyouchangshiyongzhidu,panhuogeleiziranshengtaiziyuan。sanshiyaozhengqujiangshengtaibaohuhexiufunarujinrongxitongzhongdianzhichidelingyu。sishiyaojieheyouguanzhongdagongchengdeshishi,jijituidongshengtailvyou、linxiajingji、shengtaiyanglao、shengwunengyuandenggezhongtesechanyedefazhan。wushiyaojianquangengdi、caoyuan、senlin、hehudengxiuyangshengxidezhidu,yaowanshanshichanghua、duoyuanhuadeshengtaibaohubuchangjizhi。

qunianniandiyilai,ziranziyuanbuzaitansuoliyongshichanghuadefangshituijinkuangshanshengtaixiufu、quanyutudizonghezhengzhi、hongshulinbaohudengfangmianxiangjichutaileyixiejilizhengcehejizhi,mudejiushituijinshichanghuayunzuo、kexuehuazhilidemoshi。congmuqianlejiedeqingkuangkan,shichangfanyingbijiaojiji,chubujiandaoyixiechengxiao。muqian,mantangcaizhengzaijiejianguoneiwaidechenggongjingyan,zonghegezhonganlihejingyan,tansuogengduojilishehuizhuti、shehuizibentourushengtaibaohuxiufugongzuodezhengcecuoshi,cujinshengtaichanpinjiazhideshixian,dadaoshengtaixiaoyi、jingjixiaoyiheshehuixiaoyideyoujitongyi。xiexie。

【孟玮】谢谢今天的三位发言人,今天的发布会到此结束,谢谢各位媒体朋友,谢谢。

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